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悦刻讲解:世界无烟日,保护青少年,远离尼古丁

发布时间:2020/07/12 悦刻社会责任 浏览次数:409

1、健康影响:肯定电子烟减害性

科学家仍在了解电子烟对健康的长期影响。WHO在报告中引用了美国国家科学院工程院和医学院(以下简称NASEM)对电子烟的评估。
Health effects of using EN&NNDS
Scientists are still learning about the long-term health effects of EN&NNDS.Currently, there is insufficient research to determine with certainty whether
unadulterated and apropriately regulated EN&NNDS use is associated withcardiovascular, lung or cancer diseases.
The fllwing section describes what currently is known by strength of evidence.? as asessed by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineeringand Medicine (NASEM)in 2018 (16).There is conclusive evidence that:completely subtituting EN&NNDS for combustible tobacco cigarettes in combustible tobacco cicarettes:us toxicants and carcinogens present
该评估按照研究确定性对不同结果进行分级。其中有确凿证据的是:“完全使用电子烟代替香烟,可减少使用者接触香烟燃烧产生的多种有毒物和致癌物的机会”。并且,还有大量证据表明:“使用电子烟会导致尼古丁依赖,但依赖程度低于香烟。”
There is substantial evidence that: ENDS use results in symptoms of nicotine dependence – the risk and severity of nicotine dependence are influenced by the ENDS product characteristics (nicotine concentration, flavouring device type and brand), but the risk and severity of dependence seem lower for ENDS than from combustible tobacco cigarettes;
“从香烟完全转为电子烟可改善身体多个器官的健康程度。”
、completely switching from reqular use of combustible tobacco cigarettes to EN&NNDS resuts in reduced short-term adverse health outcomes in several organ systems.
WHO特别指出,最新研究表明,同时使用香烟与电子烟会导致更高的氧化应激水平,并增加心肺健康风险,因此不建议双重使用。

2电子烟确有戒烟功效

WHO在报告中引用了2019年发表于《新英格兰医学杂志》- 项重要研究结果:电子烟能辅助戒烟,且成功率比尼古丁替代疗法几乎增加了一倍。他NEW ENGLAND JOUENAL时MEDICINE ORIGINAL ARTICLE A Randomized Trial of E-Cigarettes versus Nicotine- Replacement Therapy Lynne Dawkins, Ph D., Louise Ross, Maciei Gonievica, PhD. Pharm.D,rigrtes are cnml used in atempts . stop smokin but vidence s lmiede
彼得.哈耶克(Peter Hajek) 2019 年发表于《新英格兰医学杂志》的论文研究作者彼得● 哈耶克(Peter Hajek)是伦敦玛丽皇后大学临床心理学教授、沃尔夫森预防医学研究烟草依赖研究所研究部门主任。他选取了参加英国国家戒烟服务的886名成年烟民作为试验对象,这些人有明确的戒烟需要。他将参与者分为两组,- -组随机分配戒烟中心原本提供的戒烟产品,一组提供电子烟,允许他们选择自己喜欢的口味。
A totalof88
18.0% in the e-cigarete group, as compared with 9.9% in the nicotine replacement group (relative risk, 1.83; 95% confidence interval [Cn, 1.30 to 2.58; P<0.001). Among participants with 1-year abstinence, those in the e-cigarette group were more likely (80% [63 of 79 participants] vs. 9% [4 of 44 participants). Overall, throat or mouth irritation was reported more frequently in the e-cigarette group (65.3%, Vs. 51.2% in greater decies in the incidence of coug and phlegm production from baseline to 52 weeks than did the nicotine replacement group (elative risk for cough, 0.8; 95% Cl, between-group differences in the incidence of wheezing or shortness of breath.
经过长达一年时间的观察与追踪,电子烟组戒烟成功率为18%,另外一组为9.9%。用电子烟戒烟,成功率几乎是传统手段两倍。WHO也认为,目前不能得出使用电子烟会导致吸烟率增加的结论。有实验结果表明年轻人使用电子烟后会增加香烟使用可能性,但WHO指出,并无可信数据能够证明这种关联存在因果关系。今天,依然有许多面目狰狞的偏见,在忽略事实真相、漠视权威研究。理性认知电子烟,尤其需要我们放下偏见,回归独立思考。
文章参考:
http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease- prevention/-tobacco/publications/2020/electronic nicotine. and-non-nicotine delivery-systems-a-brief-2020
2《电子烟与尼古丁替代疗法的随机对照试验》作者:彼得.哈耶克(PeterHajek)
https://www.nejm.org/doi/ul/10.1056/NEJMoa1808779
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